Health according to World Health Organisation is the state of complete physical, social, and mental wellbeing. It therefore a process of empowering people to increase control of their health and every aspect seek to guarantee principles of good health.
The degree of enjoyment of highest living standards of health is one way of ensuring the advancement of fundamentals rights of every human being. The whole process includes a series of activities that targets communities and population at large who are exposed with increased risk of negative health outcomes. Health therefore is influenced by factors that are outside its domain especially by political, social, and economic forces. It has been proven that a combination of theses forces or one of this is responsible for shaping the environment and circumstances under which people grow, live, and work. indeed, to some extent given the age or time set in place with different systems geared towards establishing health priorities the result has been the sowing of inequities in health within or between countries.
Health promotion essentially addresses things to do with the behavioural risk factors such as tobacco use, obesity, diet, and physical inactivity, as well as the areas of mental health. Additionally, issues of injury prevention, drug abuse control, alcohol control, health behaviour related to HIV, and sexual health are features that health promoters prioritize in world today.
For promoting better health in the world, we are living today, the has been a deliberate effort of demarcating the world population for ease of tackling and responding to health challenges and disease into these four groups: a) healthy population, b) population with risk factors, c) population with symptoms and d) population with disease or disorder. Every person in any of these four population groups needs to be targeted with specific interventions to comprehensively address the need of better health for the whole population.
- The efforts should encompass prevention measure that seeks to cure and rehabilitate individuals of a population from diseases.
- Prevention efforts that aspire to establish and maintain conditions which will minimize health hazards by means of actions and measures that inhibit the emergence and establishment of environmental, economic, social and behavioural conditions especially cultural patterns of living that are known to increase the risk of disease.
Today, there is a global acceptance that health and social wellbeing are integral phenomena that requires new patterns of consolidating efforts and techniques that meets positive consumption habits associated with food and communication, demographic changes that affect working conditions, learning environments, family patterns, culture, and social fabric of any society. The implementation of socio-political and economic changes which focusses on commercialization of trade and global environmental change will go a long way increasing the degree of good health in the word. As a priority area people and governments should spare resources that will ensure good health is guaranteed for everyone because challenges arising from the ever-changing scenarios such as demographic and epidemiological transition, urbanization, climate change, food insecurity, and financial crisis pose a threat towards the guarantee of good health promotion dream.
Health promotion being this important in the survival of human race, nevertheless the need for newer innovative approaches cannot be understated. Therefore, a multi-sectoral adequately funded research and development, evidence-based health promotion program with community participation that targets the complex socio-economic and cultural challenges at family and community levels, is the need of the hour, to positively modify the complex socio-economic determinants factors of health.
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