The procedures commences with the insertion of a catheter into the femoral artery in the leg. Due to these conditions, atherosclerosis can grow in arteries supplying blood to the heart. Plans are made before inserting the catheter to be used, so it will be long enough for this procedure. The catheter is threaded through blood vessels and towards an area where there is a blockage of the passage of blood. When this happens, a balloon is placed at one end of the catheter and inflated at one side of the blockage that will help break up it up, thus creating an opening for more free-flowing blood to go through.
This procedure will be repeated to create more openings and widen the artery. The pain will be eliminated by medications that are either given during the procedure or up to two hours after it’s completed. In fact, if a patient is a candidate for this sort of procedure, there is a 90 percent chance that they would not require a second treatment. But as any treatment, there are some complications associated with this one as well. Complications that patients may experience include very mild and infrequent symptoms, which include inflammation of the groin and pain in the leg or groin veins. Another more common complication is hematoma formation, which occurs when there is bleeding in the groin or leg. These are typically minor and treated with anti-inflammatory medications. If patients experience more serious complications, such as a life-threatening heart attack, they will be treated accordingly. Therefore, the procedure is not without risks, simply because it is invasive and involves placing a catheter in the blood vessel.
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