Umbilical cord banking is a relatively new, but increasingly popular non-medical technique to save umbilical cord blood stem cells. This service allows parents to save these cells for possible future use. The procedure is often done after the delivery of a child, but it can also be done before the pregnancy or at any other time during the life of the mother. The process of umbilical cord banking consists in extracting and freezing either all or part of your baby’s umbilical cord blood stem cells at birth. The process used to collect and freeze these stem cells is called cord blood banking. Cord blood banks may perform collection of cord blood in conjunction with routine maternity care, as some banks offer this service.
This service is also known as umbilical cord donation or self-collection of cord blood. It can help parents save stem cells for future use, especially when they know they cannot use the child’s own stem cells because the child has a genetic disorder or other condition that could lead to death within the first year of life. There are three options for parents who want to save cord blood: The collection and storage of stem cells from the baby’s umbilical cord. The collection and storage of stem cells from the mother’s placenta. You may also use some of the mother’s blood. The collection, storage, and use of adult stem cells. This is called an autologous transplant. It uses your own (autologous) adult stem cells that have been stored in a registry, a process similar to cord blood banking. Therefore, stem cells that are not collected directly from cord blood are not permitted to be used for autologous transplants.
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