Migraine is a recurrent headache that affects one side of the head, this neurological disease can cause debilitating throbbing pain, and is usually accompanied by nausea, visual disturbance, tiredness, numbness, and tingling effects. Migraines are frequently misdiagnosed therefore can lead to undertreatment. In most case patients often self-diagnose and self-medicate resulting in receipt of inadequate treatment. Consequently, some patients could take additional doses of a medication in an effort of trying to gain relief with inappropriate medications.
It has been established that there exist more than hundred and fifty types of headaches which have been broken down into two groups consisting of primary headaches and secondary headaches.
A migraine is a primary headache which means that it is not caused by any other different medical condition. Primary headaches disorder is consistent with clinical diagnosis therefore there is no single blood test or imaging study that can be used to reach a conclusive diagnosis. On the contrary a secondary headache is condition that has been triggered by a pre-existing or another health issue.
There are several types of migraines, although the same type of migraine may go by different names:
- Migraine with aura or also called complicated migraine, it has been found that 15% to 20% of people with migraine headaches experience an aura.
- Migraine without aura or common migraine, is a type of migraine headache that strikes without the warning an aura migraine may give you and comes packed with the same symptoms as with aura migraine.
- Migraine without head pain this is also called silent migraine or acephalgic migraine, an in this type of migraine symptoms of aura are present but without the headache that typically follows through.
- Hemiplegic migraine is associated with temporary paralysis (hemiplegia) or neurological or sensory changes on one side of your body. The accompanied onset of the headache may be associated with effects such as temporary numbness, extreme weakness on one side of your body, a tingling sensation, a loss of sensation and dizziness or vision changes.
- Retinal migraine or commonly known as ocular migraine, is associated with temporary, partial, or complete loss of vision in one of your eyes, in addition it is known to cause a dull ache behind the eye that may spread to the rest of your head. The vision loss can last a minute, or sometime run into months.
- Chronic migraine is referred to when a migraine occurs at least fifteen days per month. The symptoms may change frequently, and the intensity or degree of throbbing pain vary. Those who get chronic migraines might be using headache pain medications more than 10 to 15 days a month.
- Migraine with brainstem aura is associated with moments of vertigo, slurred speech, double vision, or loss of balance, which could occur moments before the headache. The headache pain in most patients affect the back of their head. These symptoms usually occur suddenly and can be associated with dangers of inability to speak properly, ringing in the ears, and vomiting as well.
- Status migraineurs is a rare and severe type of migraine that can last longer than 72 hours. The symptoms of headaches and nausea can be extremely bad, and most patients diagnosed with it are on medication around the clock. The change in use of certain medications or medication withdrawal, are at times causes of this type of migraine.
Migraine attacks can be triggered by a variety of factors, but the most common triggers include:
Emotional stress, missing a meal, caffeine, daily use of pain-relieving medications hormonal changes in women, light, changing weather conditions such as storm fronts, barometric pressure changes, strong winds or changes in altitude besides other factors.