This is a disorder that affects the brain and makes the person have delusions, hallucinations, lack of motivation, disorganised speech and have problems with thinking. The disorder affects less than 1% of the U.S population.
Scientists have tried to find a cure for schizophrenia but in vain. However, the research is working to find innovative and safer treatments. The cause of the disorder was examined by studying genetics, conducting behavioural research, and using advanced imaging to check the brain structure and function.
The complexity of the disorder helps explain why there are misconceptions about the disease. The disorder does not mean split personality. Also, most individuals with this disorder do not harm or are not violent more than people in the general population. It is also a misconception that individuals with this order end up homeless or live-in hospital.
According to research, schizophrenia affects both men and women at equal rates but it may have earlier onset on males. In most cases, people with schizophrenia are more likely to die younger mostly because of other co-occurring medical conditions such as heart disease and diabetes.
The symptoms can be categorized into three;
Positive symptoms: Hallucination such as hearing voices, seeing things that do not really exist, distorted perceptions.
Negative symptoms: Inability to initiate plans, speak, express emotion, or find pleasure.
Disorganized symptoms: Disorganized and confused speech and thinking, abnormal movement.
According to the researcher, genetic and environmental factors contribute to causation and life stressors which plays a big role in causing schizophrenia. However, the specific cause of this disorder does not exist.