Dealing with infants can be stressful especially when they develop illness that no one in the family have an idea about.Long-term seizures can irreversibly damage the brain. As babies grow, their brains grow too. Tumors of the brain or nervous system, infection of the brain or nervous system, or injury to parts of the brain can all lead to long-term seizures. Damage may be continuous and cumulative with long-term seizures. Infections are treated with antibiotics while tumors are surgically removed, reducing this risk in many cases.
Infantile Spasms are sometimes caused by low levels of sodium in the body due to kidney problems that need treatment on a regular basis before they become more serious and harder to treat. Anticonvulsant drugs and even surgery on the part of the brain causing infantile spasms can help.
Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy is a condition where there is an insufficient blood supply to part or all of the brain for a period of time. This may be due to accidents such as drowning, smoke inhalation, heart disease, bleeding in the brain, lack of oxygen from a respiratory failure, immaturity of the fetal blood vessels needed to support and nourish the growing brain (fetal anemia), or an event that stalls or halts blood flow to that part(s) of the brain (Stroke). Damage could be permanent and there is no cure. Treatment is needed to slow the effects and to help prevent worsening of the condition. Also, anticonvulsants are often used to lessen the number of seizures they may have. Vaccine-induced seizures occur in one in every thousand children who receive the measles vaccine, while one in ten thousand will develop epilepsy. These types of seizures typically last two to three minutes and children typically outgrow the condition after age five. Additionally, febrile convulsions are caused by fever and can be caused by many factors. The main reason for febrile convulsions is unknown but it is rare for these cases to also cause epilepsy down the road.