Due to different human behaviour which could lead to stressful situations,Human behavior theories were discovered.These are the set of principles in psychology that attempt to describe and predict how people think, feel, and act in social situations. There are many schools of thought in psychology, but human behavior theories can be classified into two camps: positivist versus interpretivist approaches. These approaches have varying definitions for what “human” is. Positivism defines humans as being rational creatures who use their intellect to understand the world around them while interpretivism defines humans as animals who rely on instinctual reactions when interacting with other animals or humans.
Behavior is the entire response of an organism (human or otherwise) to internal and external stimuli. Human behavior encompasses all expressions of behavior that are observable, although the expression is often indirect or subtle, making it challenging for social science researchers to observe certain responses. These expressions can be verbal, nonverbal, unconscious, voluntary, reflexive, triggered by inner feelings, memories or ideas. Human analysis involves interpretation of these expressions by others through mechanisms such as introspection “(looking inside oneself)” or through association with similar stimuli encountered in the past.
Matsumoto developed a theory focused on understanding non-verbal behavior in intercultural interactions called “cultural display theory. The theory is based on displaying and hiding emotions in order to manage the impressions of others. As displayed in the diagram, Matsumoto identifies four main aspects of culture: valence (towards people and objects), arousal (energy level), dominance (power) and affiliation (relating to other people). These aspects of culture can be expressed in behaviors such as smiling or crying which in turn communicate certain emotions and intentions to others.