Due to sociological diversity between human being,more stressfull situations have been created.This leads to more Sociological theories being discovered.The theories involves studies of how human beings work in society. It examines how they interact with one another, and their impact on society. Some theories focus on biological types like gender, race, and sexual orientation while others concern phenomena like ideology or social class. The Theory of Relativity is one of the most well-known examples in sociology.
Sociology is a social science that focuses on understanding–and explaining–how society itself works in order to improve it for individuals within it through social reform ideas like feminism or civil rights. This is not the same as political science, which focuses on understanding how different political groups are organised. Another distinction sociologists make is between “micro” and “macro” sociology. As its name suggests, micro sociological theory focuses on the individual, while macro sociological theory is concerned with societal behavior.
Some sociologists divide sociology into sub-disciplines like ethnography or social psychology, but most people consider sociology to be a single whole that takes in all aspects of society. Sociology provides an important framework for understanding the factors that lead to effects like poverty, crime or health problems among different groups of people. It can also help explain the ways in which various social institutions work together. The idea of social institutions is central to sociological theory. For example, how does family life or capitalism function? How do they impact other institutions like the economy, the school system, government, and the law? (Sociology)
People who study sociology are known as sociologists. They include researchers like professors and psychologists, but they also include people who apply their understanding of sociology to practical settings like politics or community activism. Sociologists choose different areas of specialisation depending on their interests.